Bibliographic Information: Baum, L. Frank. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1900.
Dorothy lived in Kansas with her aunt and uncle and dog. A freak cyclone lifted her house clean off, and landed in Oz, on top of the Wicked Witch of the East with silver slippers. The Good Witch of the North tells Dorothy that the shoes were now hers, but she just wants to go home. She travels to the Emerald City in the center of Oz, where the Great Wizard might be able to help her. Along the way she befriends a scarecrow, a tin man, and a lion, who join her travel as each of them also want something from the wizard (a brain, a heart, and nerves, respectively). They have to stay on the Yellow Brick Road that Dorothy had been traversing, lest they get lost or are bewitched by the Wicked Witch of the West. The Wizard meets the travellers, agreeing to grant their desires if they’ll defeat the Wicked Witch of the West. They set out west; she sends wolves, crows bees, and soldiers to kill them, but fail. Her winged monkeys capture them. The witch tricks Dorothy into taking off one of the magical slippers; angry, she throws a bucket of water on the witch, who melts. Dorothy and her companions return to the Wizard, he is revealed to be an ordinary man. He gives the males a totem of their desires, which just gives them the confidence to use their natural intelligence, love, and courage. To return Dorothy home, he sets up his hot-air balloon. She exits the craft to retrieve her dog, but it has already flown too high. The Good Witch of the South reveals to Dorothy that the silver shoes have the power to transport her any location she wants, including home.
Quantitative Reading Level: Lexile: 1030; Accelerated Reader: 7.0
Qualitative Reading Analysis:
This book is written in third-person, focusing on the adventures of Dorothy and her friends. It teaches about how you already have almost everything you need to succees and be happy. The text is 6th grade reading level.
Content Area: English
Content Area Standard:
- CCSS for Literature for K-5: #2 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text; #4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes; #10 Read and comprehend literature in grade level text complexity range.
- CCSS for Informational Text for K-5: #5 Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts; #8 Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).
- CCSS for Foundational Skills for K-5: #4 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
This is a great chapter book to use in English Language Arts Curriculum. It is best suited to 4th grade through 6th grade. It explores themes like mystery and adventure.
Note: In the movie, the slippers were ruby, because The Wizard of Oz was one of the first color films, and the red showed up much better than silver.